Vue vs. React: Which is the Better Framework in 2019?
If you are a web developer, you may have come across these powerful web design tools, React (ReactJS) and Vue (VueJS). You may be wondering which of these tools will be ideal for your web development project. This review will compare the two tools and help you decide which is the best fit your project.
Let’s start with React.
ReactJS enables developers to create websites that can alter their data. This can be done without reloading the entire page. As a result, web designers can build simple and fast websites. These websites are scalable and reliable with this amazing tool.
Since Facebook created React in 2013, it has used the tool in its other brands. This includes Instagram and WhatsApp. The social media platform was aware of the need for a better user interface. Especially for its billions of active users across the globe. It used this tool to achieve that goal.
Facebook is not the only company using React to power its products. Apple, PayPal, Netflix, and several other websites use the powerful back-end tool. They leverage its powerful features to enhance the performance of their websites.
Features of ReactJS
React’s increasing popularity is due to its collection of great features. The tool offers some features such as:
1. It supports efficient web design
Efficiency is one of the several attractive features of a website. An efficient website meets the performance expectations of its visitors. This is if it is not slow and doesn’t have a drab user interface. It also saves visitors’ time and spares them the stress of dealing with a below-par website. Developers use this tool to develop functional and efficient websites.
2. It supports JSX
JSX is a web design language that shares some similarities with XML, another web design tool. Developers do not have to use React and JSX together since they can work as stand-alone tools. Yet, they use the two tools while coding. They consider JSX’s ease of use while binding events or writing script for components. By working with JSX, React presents itself as a more viable web design tool than most of its competitors.
3. It offers great performance
As a developer, it’s needless to say that you will appreciate a tool that can guarantee you high performance. React offers top-notch performance for web design. No wonder React users consider it as a must-have tool.
A typical example of its impressive performance is its use of virtual DOM. Several tools that manage DOM are more difficult to update than React. While React manages a virtual version that is easier to update.
4. It makes mobile application development easier
In modern times, mobile applications are in high demand. The increasing demand for mobile applications calls for more developers. It also calls for more efficient web design tools that will bring the best out of developers. React is one of such tools.
ReactJS introduces new technology into web application development through its attributes. This makes it a perfect tool for developing high-performance applications.
Developers using the React Native appreciate its features. It offers fast loading capability in real time. It is also portable and has a great modular architecture. Some apps such as Airbnb, Skype, Tesla, and WalMart use React Native due to these attributes.
5. Ease of use
A former Google engineer, Evan You, built Vue or VueJS as a solution to some of the design issues with web design. Web design used to be very challenging and complex. He developed the tool to make web design easier. Today, web design is simple and more organized than ever.
Features of VueJS
Vue is known for its simplicity and ease of use. A look at some of its features will help you to understand the tool better.
1. It supports data binding
Data binding allows a developer to work with HTML as they desire. As a developer, you can use the tool to change the style of HTML or assign values to its attributes. This can all be done according to the specific needs of your project. Vue’s v-bind attribute makes this possible.
2. Virtual DOM support
Vue also supports virtual DOM. Its virtual DOM support explains why it is a cool tool for creating fast websites. The tool ensures that the reloading issue won’t surface. These issues usually arise when there are changes to the content of a website.
3. Great components
Developers can use the VueJS component feature to create custom elements. With the special attributes of the elements, you can use them in HTML and spice up your work. You can also re-use the custom elements in later jobs. This helps you save time that you would have otherwise spent reinventing the wheel.
4. Animation/ Transition
VueJS offers developers different ways to apply transition or animation to HTML elements. This is usually after they remove such elements from DOM. They can also apply the transition after adding the elements to DOM. VueJS has a built-in transition component for adding transition effects to the elements.
This feature also allows developers to add some animation libraries from third-party vendors. They can use it to make a website’s interface more interactive as well.
VueJS also has a directives feature. There are different types of directives such as v-show, v-if, v-bind, v-on, and v-model. These directives serve different purposes for designers.
Reviews show they have distinct features which make them powerful front-end developer tools.
How do these tools compare with each other?
Vue vs. React
Now that you are familiar with the features of each tool. Which of them is better for front-end development? The comparison below gives a clue.
1. Virtual DOM
Both tools support virtual DOM. Virtual DOM makes websites faster and perform better compared to actual DOM. They also support high performance as well.
Note that DOM is faster in VueJs than in ReactJS. It also performs better in the former than the latter.
Although they use different installation tools, they are both easy to install. Some installation tools such as vuejs CDN, vue-cli, or npn are the installation tools for VueJS.
Create react app is the installation tool for React. You can also install the basic functions of the tool you will need for coding while installing React.
There is a difference in their installation. While VueJS doesn’t need webpack for installation, React does.
What about their downloading records? How do they fare in this regard? React reached a download of 1.7NPM in November, 2017. The figure has continued to increase since then. Within the same period, Vue has only recorded about 200,000 downloads.
GitHub community also gives an insight into the popularity of both tools. Among the community of developers, React is more popular than Vue. There are over 1,000 React contributors in the community. They have gained over 80,000 stars on the platform for their contribution. On the same platform, Vue has only 152 contributors. Their rating is pretty high at over 73,000 stars.
VueJS is still developing. At present, it offers fewer job opportunities than the more popular ReactJS. A survey, shows that VueJS is also gaining more popularity as many developers are checking it out.
In a survey conducted by Stack Overflow in 2017, an impressive 66.9% of the respondents claimed to love React. The following year, 69.4% of respondents showed their love for the tool again.
During the two years in question, Vue didn’t make the list of the 12 most popular web design tools. That shows a stark difference between the popularity of the tools.
Many web developers hold VueJS in high esteem. They appreciate its simple documentation. Both new and experienced developers can use the tool without much fuss.
React’s documentation is not as great as that of VueJS. To their credit, the React team is working hard to improve the documentation to make it clearer. At the moment, VueJS is the undisputed winner here.
VueJS has a lightweight library with a smaller file size than React. The smaller file size contributes to its amazing speed. This is because the file is easier to load than the bigger React. Developers can leverage this feature to build very fast websites.
React and VueJS support different templates. VueJS supports JS, HTML, and CSS templates. These templates make it easy for beginners to understand VueJS. More so, it also has an easy learning curve, another attractive feature for beginners.
7. Mobile solution
Through React Native, React supports the development of native mobile apps. This extends to both iOS and Android. If you have a good knowledge of the tool, you can use it to create applications across several platforms. React Native is for developing applications for Android and iOS devices. This is not the case for the general React for web development.
Vue doesn’t have a feature that performs a similar function to React Native. This means the platform doesn’t support making native mobile apps.
Vue is not far behind though. It is working towards finding a solution to the problem. It partnered with Alibaba and created a UI framework for native app development: Weex.
With Weex, developers can use their knowledge of VueJS syntax. From there, they can build components that are native to Android and iOS. At the moment though, Weex is far behind Reactive Native. The VUE team is doing everything possible to make it a viable alternative to React Native.
7. Support of corporate organizations
Facebook is the biggest supporter of React. As its developer, Facebook has a team of specialists with the responsibility of improving the platform. Facebook’s support means a lot. Several other companies that use React do so because of the social media’s support.
8. Job opportunities
ReactJS users and VueJS users have different employment opportunities. React has been in the business for years and is more popular. This means ReactJS users have better job prospects than VueJS users.
For instance, Vue has 2,484 and 10,419 job adverts on Indeed and LinkedIn. While React has 58,136 and 23,751 job adverts on the two platforms.
These figures show that ReactJS developers have better employment opportunities than VueJS developers.
9. Flexibility of use
Flexibility of use is one of the greatest attributes of a web design tool. React offers some level of flexibility. For instance, it allows support from third party libraries. Users can also use either MobX or Redux for state management. It is clear that React gives developers a platform where they won’t have flexibility issues.
VueJS also offers some degree of flexibility. It has different tools for different functions as a flexible tool. For routing, developers can use Vue Router while Vuex supports state management.
10. Learning curve
Both are easy to learn although React’s learning curve is steeper than Vue’s. Vue also uses less code than React. The development process is shorter in Vue than for React. As a result, developers stand to save more money and time when they use Vue than when they use React.
Vue is a progressive framework. A developer can integrate it into an existing project as the need arises. For instance, developers can introduce it into a project to make it more interactive. This explains why the majority of the developers identify ease of integration as the tool’s most important asset.
Some of its tools such as Vue UI and Vue CLI3 are behind its wide use for startups. As such, Vue is cost effective and is a powerful tool for creating small and medium applications.
Vue is rich in libraries and a large collection of tools. These can be used for creating enterprise-grade applications. While Vue is great for small applications, React was created for large projects.
12. Supported applications
Both tools are ideal for creating applications for big companies and organizations. To its credit, Vue has Alibaba, Euronews, and Vice under its belt. Behance and Trustpilot are other companies that are using this tool as well.
React, though, powers PayPal, Airbnb, and Netflix. The New York Times and Disqus use React as well.
Both tools are great for creating an awesome user interface. A professional developer can use either of these tools. Especially when designing an attractive user interface for websites.
Which of two tools is better? Well, there is no direct answer to that question. Your choice of tools depends on your project description. How big is your project?
React will be a great choice for large and complex designs. It has all the features that make it ideal for such projects. Using Vue for such projects might not give you your desired results.
If you prefer high performance and lightweight framework, go for Vue. This front-end tool can handle simple projects.